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udkApf-19 a&m*gumuG,faq;xdk;ESH&mwGif od&Sdxm;oifhonfh A[kokwrsm;
Date:2021-04-19    
    1/ udkApf-19 a&m*gumuG,faq;onf vlYcE¨mudk,fwGif rnfonhf
tusdK;oufa&mufrI&Sdoenf;/
    umuG,faq;xdk;ESHNyD;aemuf vlUcE¨mudk,fonf tumtuG,fay;onfh
y#dypönf;udk xkwfvkyfay;NyD; tcsdKUaomumuG,faq;onf vlYcE¨mudk,fü 
qJvfudk,fcHpGrf;tm;udk xkwfvkyfay;um qufpyfonfh udk,fcHpGrf;tm;
rSwfOmPfudk jzpfay:apygonf/  xdkrSom vlYcE¨mudk,fwGif a&m*gckcHEdkif
onfh udk,fcHpGrf;tm;&Sdrnfjzpfygonf/  udkApfa&m*g ydk;wpfckck vlYcE¨m
udk,ftwGif;0ifa&mufvQif umuG,faq;onf y#dypönf;xkwfvkyfjcif;? qJvfudk,fcHpGrf;tm;xkwfvTwfonfh cytokines onf Adkif;&yfpftm; cGJjcm;
owfrSwfjcif;? ysufokOf;apjcif;ESifh owfjzwfjcif;udk jyKvkyfEdkifNyD; udk,fcH
pGrf;tm;rSwfOmPfonfvnf; udk,fcHpGrf;tm;pepfudk vsifjrefpGm pkpnf;NyD;
Adkif;&yfpfrsm; cE¨mukd,fwGif qufvufyGm;rsm;rIr&Sdap&ef 4if;\ tcef;u@rI
aqmif&Gufrnfjzpfojzifh a&m*gydk; BudKwifumuG,fay;Edkifonfh &nf&G,f
csufudk a&muf&Sdaprnfjzpfygonf/
    2/ vuf&Sd w½kwfEdkifiHrS cGifhjyKxm;aom aps;uGufwGifa&mif;cscGifh odkYr[kwf ta&;ay:toHk;jyKcGifh&Sdaom udkApf-19 umuG,faq;trsdK;
tpm; rnfrQ&Sdoenf;/
    w½kwfEdkifiHwGif udkApf-19 umuG,faq;xkwfvkyfonfh ukrÜPDvkyfief;
(5) ck&SdNyD; aps;uGufwGif a&mif;cscGifh odkYr[kwf ta&ay:toHk;jyKcGihf t
wnfjyK&&Sdxm;NyD; jzpfygonf/  4if;teuf aps;uGufwGif a&mif;cscGifh&Sd
aom ydk;aoumuG,faq;  Inactivated Vaccine (3)rsdK;ESifh udk½dkemAdkif;&yfpf
udk wdkufxkwfonfh umuG,faq; (Adenovirus Vector Vaccine)  (1) rsdK;&Sdygonf/  xdkYjyif  Recombinant New Coronavirus Vaccine um
uG,faq;opf (CHO qJvf) onfvnf; ta&;ay:toHk;jyKcGifh &&Sdxm;yg
onf/
    3/ umuG,faq;xdk;ESH&mwGif rnfonfht&mrsm; a&SmifMuOf&rnfenf;/
    umuG,faq;xdk;ESH&mwGif a&SmifMunf&rnfqdkonfrSm umuG,faq;
rxdk;ESHoifhonfh tajctaeudk qdkvdkygonf/ ]]udkApfumuG,faq;xdk;ESHrI enf;ynmydkif;qkdif&m vrf;nTef (pmapmif-1)}} t& omrefumuG,faq; xdk;ESH&mwGif a&SmifMuOfrI (1) umuG,faq;ydk;t&Sifyg0ifEIef;? rnfonfh
trsdK;tpm;rqdk ydk;t&Sifr[kwfonfh yg0ifEIef; xkwfvkyfrIjzpfpOfwGif toHk;jyKypönf;"mwfrwnfholrsm; odkYr[kwf ,cifu trsdK;tpm;wlaom umuG,faq;xdk;ESH&mwGif "mwfrwnfhrIjzpfolrsm;? (2) ,cifu umuG,f
aq;"mwfrwnfhrI jyif;xefpGm jzpfyGm;zl;ol (Oyrm  jyif;xefonfh"mwf
rwnfhrI? aoG;aMuma&mif&rf;jcif; (Angioedema)? touf½I&cufcJjcif;
ponf)?  (3)0uf½l;jyefa&m*g&SdolESifh tjcm;jyif;xefaom tm½HkaMumqdkif
&m a&m*gtcH&Sdol (Oyrm-ausm½dk;a&mif&rf;jcif;  (Transverse myelitis)? 
oGufjcmyg'MuGufom; tm;enf;aysmhacGa&m*gpk  (Guillain Barre Syndr
-ome)? tm½HkaMumysufpD;rI (emyelination a&m*gponf)? (4) zsm;emae
ol odkYr[kwf jyif;xefa&m*g&Sdol odkYr[kwf emwm&Snfa&m*g jyif;xefpGm
jzpfyGm;onfhumv odkYr[kwf xdef;csKyfí r&aom jyif;xefemwm&Snfa&m*g
&Sdol (5) udk,f0efaqmiftrsdK;orD;wdkY yg0ifygonf/  tcsdKUa&SmifMuOf&
rnfhtcsufrsm;rSm Oyrm-zsm;emaejcif;onf ,m,Domjzpfum a&SmifMuOf
&rnfh tajctaerjzpfyGm;ygu aemufusNyD;aemuf &ufrsm;rSom um
uG,faq;xdk;ESHEdkifygonf/
    4/ umuG,faq;xdk;ESH&mwGif a&SmifMuOf&rnfhtcsufrsm;udk rnfuJhodkY
awGU&Sd? em;vnfod&SdEdkifrnfenf;/
    umuG,faq;xdk;ESHaepOf tu,fí umuG,faq;udk yxrwpfacsmif;
xdk;ESHcsdefü jyif;xefaom "mwfrwnfhrIjzpfygu umuG,faq;aMumifh jzpf
onf[k ,lqEdkifNyD; 'kwd,aq;wpfacsmif;xdk;ESH&ef tBuHrjyKvdkyg/  um
uG,faq;wGif yg0ifonfhypönf;rsm;udk odem;vnfxm;&rnfjzpfNyD; um
uG,faq; yg0ifypönf;rsm;ESifh "mwfrwnfholrsm;udk umuG,faq;xdk;ESH
ray;oifhyg/
    umuG,faq;xdk;ESH&mwGif umuG,faq;xdk;ESHolonf umuG,faq;
xdk;ESHay;onfh q&m0eftm; usef;rma&;tajctaeESifh a&m*gtcHordkif;
aMumif;? "mwfrwnfhrI ponfrsm;udk trSeftwdkif; ajymMum;&ygrnf/ 
umuG,faq;xdk;ESHay;onfh q&m0efonfvnf; umuG,faq;xdk;ESHrnfh
ol\ usef;rma&;tajctaeESifh ,cifu "mwfrwnfhrI&Sdr&Sdudk ar;jref;
&ygrnf/
    5/ udkApfydk;aoumuG,faq; Inactivated Vaccine \ xdk;ESHonfh
aq;tMum; tb,fhaMumifh tcsdefwpfckjcm;em;&ef vdktyfygoenf;/
    yHkrSeftm;jzifh ydk;aoumuG,faq; Inactivated Vaccine onf tBudrf
rsm;pGm xdk;ESHrSomvQif ydkíaumif;rGefaom udk,fcHpGrf;tm;tusdK;udk &&Sd
Edkifrnfjzpfygonf/  vufawGUprf;oyfrIa'wmt& udkApfydk;aoumuG,f
aq; Inactivated Vaccine yxrwpfacsmif;xdk;ESHNyD;aemuf udk,fcE¨mrS
udk,fcHpGrf;tm;wkefYjyefrIudk vIHYaqmfay;EdkifNyD; 'kwd,wpfacsmif;xdk;ESHNyD;
aemuf ydkrdkaumif;rGefaom udk,fcHpGrf;tm;tusdK;udk xkwfvkyfay;Edkifygonf/
aq;wpfacsmif;ESifh wpfacsmif;tMum; tcsdefjcm;em;&jcif;rSm yHkrSeftm;jzifh vufawGUprf;oyfokawoejyKrI&v'ft& aq;wpfacsmif;ESifh wpfacsmif; tMum; tenf;qHk;aom jcm;em;csdefudk aocsmap&ef vdktyfygonf/  t
u,fí xdk;ESHjzpfpOfMum;umvtcsdeft& aq;ESpfacsmif;rxdk;ESHEdkifygu  
apmvsifpGm jyefvnfxdk;ESHoifhygonf/
       6/ umuG,faq;xdk;ESHonfh tpDtpOfwpfckvHk; rNyD;qHk;olrsm; rnf
uJhodkY umuG,faq; jyefvnfxdk;ESH&rnfenf;/  topfjyefvnfpwifxdk;ESH
&ef vdktyfygovm;/
    umuG,faq;xdk;ESHonfh tpDtpOfwpfckvHk;rSm aq;ESpfacsmif; odkYr[kwf
aq;oHk;acsmif;xdk;ESHjcif;jzpfum tpDtpOfwpfckvHk; xdk;ESHrI rNyD;olrsm;
apmvsifpGm NyD;ajrmufatmifxdk;ESH&ef tBuHjyKNyD; udk,fcHpGrf;tm;tpDtpOf
t& topfjyefvnfpwifxdk;ESH&ef rvdktyfyg/
    7/ aq;ESpfacsmif;xdk;&aom udkApfydk;aoumuG,faq;  Inactivated Vaccine xdk;ESHonfhMum; umvjcm;em;csdef (3)ywfxufenf;olrsm; jyef
vnf umuG,faq;xdk;ESH&ef vdktyfygovm;/
    (14)&uftwGif;  udkApfydk;aoumuG,faq; Inactivated Vaccine 'kwd,tBudrf aq;xdk;ESH&rnfholonf 'kwd,aq;wpfacsmif;xdk;EHSNyD; (3)ywftMumwGif ydk;aoumuG,faq; Inactivated Vaccine wpfacsmif; apmvsifpGm xyfrHxdk;ESH&ygrnf/  (14-21) &uftwGif; 'kwd,tBudrf udkApfydk;aoumuG,faq; Inactivated Vaccine xdk;ESHNyD;olonf xyfrH
xdk;ESH&ef rvdktyfyg/
    8/ udkApfydk;aoumuG,faq;  Inactivated Vaccine  xdk;ESHNyD;aemuf tu,fí tjcm;enf;ynmvrf;aMumif;jzifh umuG,faq;xdk;ESHvdkvQif   
tqdkygvkyf&yfrSm odyÜHenf;usygovm;/
    ,ckvuf&Sd udkApfydk;aoumuG,faq; Inactivated Vaccine xdk;EHS&m
wGif aq;ESpfBudrf xdk;ESHonfh tpDtpOfNyD;ajrmuf&ygrnf/ ydk;aoumuG,f
aq; Inactivated Vaccine ESpfBudrf xdk;ESHNyD;aemuf udk,fcHpGrf;tm;wdk;jrifh
&ef vdktyfygovm;/  tjcm;enf;ynmvrf;aMumif; umuG,faq;udk toHk;jyKí udk,fcHpGrf;tm;wdk;jrifhEdkifygovm;/  þonfudk xyfrHokaw
oejyK&ef vdktyfygonf/
    9/ udk,fcHpGrf;tm;pepfcsdKU,Gif;aom vltkyfpkonf udkApfumuG,faq;
xdk;ESHEdkifygovm;/
    udk,fcHpGrf;tm;pepfcsdKU,Gif;aom vltkyfpkqdkonf udkApfa&m*gydk;ul;
pufNyD;aemuf jyif;xefaoma&m*g? aoqHk;rItEÅ&m,fjrifhrm;aom vltkyf
pkudk qdkvdkygonf/ ,ckvuf&Sd udkApfumuG,faq;onf tqdkyg vltkyfpk
(Oyrm uifqmtusdwf?  ausmufuyfa&m*g&Sdol?  AIDS a&m*g&Sdol)? 
HIV ydk;ul;pufcH&ol\ ab;uif;vHkNcHKrIESifh xda&mufaoma'wmrsm; r&Sdao;yg/  tqdkygvltkyfpkonf umuG,faq;xdk;ESHNyD;aemuf udk,fcH
pGrf;tm;wkHYjyefrIESifh umuG,fxda&mufrI avsmhenf;Edkifygonf/  ydk;ao
umuG,faq; Inactivated Vaccine ESifh  Recombinant New Corona
-virus vaccine umuG,faq;twGufrl ,cifu trsdK;tpm;wlaom
umuG,faq;\ ab;uif;vHkNcHKrI xl;jcm;csuft& umuG,faq;xdk;EHS&ef
tBuHjyKygonf/  udk½dkemAdkif;&yfpfudk  wdkufxkwfonfh  umuG,faq;
(Adenovirus  Vector Vaccine) qdkvQif toHk;jyKxm;aom a&m*go,f
aqmifaomydk;onf yHkwlyGm;rI tm;enf;csuf&Sdaomfvnf; ,cifu trsdK;
tpm;wl umuG,faq;\ toHk;jyKaom ab;uif;vHkNcHKrI a'wmr&Sdyg/ umuG,faq;xdk;ESHNyD;aemuf tusdK;rsm;vm;? tEÅ&m,frsm;vm; rdrdzm
omcsdefqyg[k tav;teuf today;xm;aMumif; tBuHjyKxm;ygonf/ 
    10/ ,cifu udkApf-19 a&m*gul;pufcH&zl;olonf udkApfumuG,f
aq;xdk;EHS&ef vdktyfygovm;/
    vuf&Sdokawoea'wmazmfjycsuft& udkApf-19 a&m*gul;pufcH&NyD;
aemuf (6)vtwGif; aemufxyful;pufcH&rIjzpfyGm;onfh tajctaerSm tvGefawGU&cJonf/  ,cifu udk½dkemAdkif;&yfpfydk;ul;pufcH&ol (a0'em&Sif odkYr[kwf a&m*gvu©Pmrjyul;pufcH&ol) onf aocsmpGm od&SdNyD;onfh tajccHay:wGif (6)vMumNyD;aemuf yxrtBudrf umuG,faq;xdk;ESHEdkif
ygonf/
    11/ udkApfumuG,faq;xdk;ESHNyD;aemuf Nucleic Acid  "mwfcGJppfaq;
&ef vdktyfygovm;/  umuG,faq;xdk;ESHxm;onfhvufrSwfonf Nucleic  
Acid  "mwfcGJppfaq;tpD&ifcHpmudk tpm;xdk; Edkifygovm;/
    udkApfumuG,faq;xdk;ESHNyD;aemuf atmufygtaMumif;&if;rsm;aMumifh umuG,faq;xdk;ESHNyD;ol vlenf;pkonf umuG,frIratmifjrifjcif;aMumifh Nucleic Acid  "mwfcGJppfaq;&mwGif positive xGufjcif; odkYr[kwf a&m*g
jzpfyGm;jcif;jzpfapEdkifygonf/ 
    (1) umuG,faq;xdk;ESHrI tpDtpOftm;vHk; NyD;qHk;NyD;aemuf tcsdKUolonf
udk,fcHpGrf;tm;raumif;jcif;aMumifh xda&mufaom umuG,frI r&&Sdjcif;jzpf
EdkifNyD; tqdkygvltkyfpkonf udkApfa&m*gjzpfNyD;aemuf udkApfa&m*gul;puf
cH&jcif;aMumifh Nucleic Acid  "mwfcGJppfaq;&mwGif positive xGufay:
jcif; odkYr[kwf a&m*gjzpfyGm;jcif;jzpfapEdkifygonf/
    (2) umuG,faq;xdk;ESHNyD;aemuf tcsdefumvwpfckMumrSom xd
a&mufaomumuG,frIudk &&SdEdkifrnfjzpfygonf/  tu,fí tqdkyg
tcsdefumvtwGif; udkApfa&m*gul;pufcH&vQif Nucleic Acid  "mwfcGJppf
aq;&mwGif positive xGufjcif; odkYr[kwf a&m*gjzpfyGm;jcif;jzpfapEdkifyg
onf/
    (3) a&m*gudef;atmif;umvjzpfaomvlem odkYr[kwf a&m*gvu©Pm
rjyul;pufcH&olonf umuG,faq;xdk;ESHNyD;aomfvnf; ul;pufcHxm;&
jcif;aMumifh Nucleic Acid  "mwfcGJppfaq;&mwGif positive xGufjcif; 
odkYr[kwf a&m*gjzpfyGm;jcif;udk jzpfapEdkifygonf/
    txufygvltkyfpkonf a&m*gul;pufolrsm;jzpfEdkifNyD; udkApfa&m*g
xdef;csKyfumuG,f&mwGif Nucleic Acid  "mwfcGJppfaq;&efvdktyfum udkApfumuG,faq;xdk;ESHxm;onfh vufrSwfonf Nucleic Acid "mwfcGJ
ppfaq;onfh tpD&ifcHpmudk tpm;xdk;í r&yg/  oufqdkif&mXmersm;\ 
Nucleic Acid "mwfcGJppfaq;jcif;udk cH,l&rnfjzpfygonf/
    12/ udkApfa&m*grsdK;ADZajymif;NyD;aemuf udkApfumuG,faq;xdk;ESHvQif
xda&murI&Sdygovm;/
    urÇmwpf0ef;rS udkApfa&m*grsdK;ADZajymif;rIudk apmifhMunfhaeonfh t
ajctaet& MunfhvQif ,ckvuf&Sd rsdK;ADZajymif;Adkif;&yfpfonf vuf&Sd
udkApfumuG,faq;tay: xda&mufrIr&SdaMumif; oufaotaxmuft
xm;rsm;r&Sdao;yg/ 
    Adkif;&yfpfonf t½dk;&Sif;qHk;aom ZD0ypönf;wpfrsdK;jzpfNyD; 4if;\ rsdK;yGm; jcif;onf qJvft&Sifudk rSDcdk&ygonf/  rsdK;yGm;rIjzpfpOfwGif Adkif;&yfpfrsdK;ADZajymif;jcif;jzpfapEdkifygonf/  urÇmhusef;rma&;tzGJY?  EdkifiHtoD;oD;rS okawoetzGJYtpnf;rsm;? umuG,faq;xkwfvkyfonfh ukrÜPD ponf
wdkYonf udkApfa&m*gAdkif;&yfpfrsdK;ADZajymif;onfh tajctaeudk teD;uyf
apmifhMunfhavhvmaeNyD; oufqdkif&mokawoersm;vnf; aqmif&Gufae
ygonf/  þonfrSm aemufydkif; umuG,faq;\ okawoejyKrIESifh
toHk;jyKrItwGuf BudKwifowday;jcif;ESifh odyÜHynmqef;ppfoHk;oyfrI
t&if;tjrpfrsm;tjzpf axmufyHhay;tyfEdkifrnfjzpfygonf/ 
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