中文┊ English 缅文
a&ab;umuG,fwm;qD;a&;wGif oifod&Sdxm;&rnfh usef;rma&;qdkif&m ta&;ay:tajctaeESifh a&m*gumuG,fwm;qD;a&;qdkif&m A[kokwrsm;
Date:2020-09-07    
    ,ck&ufydkif; a'otrsm;pkonf rdk;wnf;xefpGm  &GmoGef;jcif;rsm; jzpfyGm;cJhum a&BuD;rI wm;qD;a&; 
zdtm;rsm; tqufrjywf BuD;rm;vmNyD; a&ab;
u,fq,fa&; vkyfief;rsm;rSm ta&;BuD;tcsdefum
v usa&mufvsuf&Sdygonf/ rdrd\usef;rma&;udk 
umuG,f&efESifh a&m*gjzpfyGm;rI avsmhcsEdkif&eftwGuff 
owdjyK xm;oifhonfhh tcsufrsm;udk atmufwGif
azmfjy ay;xm;onfudk odrSwfxm;Mu&ygpdkYvm;/ 
   a&BuD;rI jzpfyGm;pOf tajctae&Sdaom tcsdef
atmufwGif taumif;qHk;rSm a&ykvif;ESifh a&yHk;
twGif;rS a&rsm;udkom aomufoHk;ay;&ygrnf/ 
a&BuD;rI jzpfyGm;aeaoma&wGif &GHYajrrsm;? ykyfodk;
aqG;ajrUaeNyD jzpfaomtyifESifh wd&pämeftykdif;tp
rsm;? bufwD;&D;,m; odkYr[kwf uyfyg;ydk;rsm;pGm
yg0ifum wdkuf½dkuf aomufoHk;ygu tvGef ab;
tEÅ&m,f &Sdygonf/ a&csdKUwJhjcif;aMumifh touf
tEÅ&m,f xdcdkufapEdkifrnfjzpfí rjzpfraeaomuf
oHk;&rnfh tajctaeatmufwGif nTefMum;xm;onfh
tcsdK;tpm;twdkif; ausmufcsOfESifh Bleaching 
Powder (refined tablets) jzifh tenfxdkifapjcif;?
ykd;owfjcif; jyKvkyfNyD;aemuf (5) rdepfcefY qlyGwf
atmif usdKNyD;rSom aomufoHk;Edkifrnf jzpfonf/ 
ykyfodk;aqG;ajrUum t&nftaoG; ajymif;oGm;NyDjzpf
aom pm;aomufukefrsm;? a&ESpfaoqHk;aom? a&m*g
jzpfaoqHk;aom wd&pämefrsm;udk rpm;oHk;&/ a&BuD;rI
tEÅ&m,frSm omreftm;jzifh tylcsdef jrifhrm;aom 
tpdk"mwfjrifhrm;onfh aEG&moDESifh aqmif;OD;&moD
wGif jzpfyGm;avh&Sdygonf/ pm;aomufukefrsm; ykyf
odk;aqG;ajrU t&nftaoG; ajymif;vJ&ef vG,fulNyD; ykyfodk;aqG;ajrU t&nftaoG; ajymif;oGm;NyDjzpfaom
odkYr[kwf roefYpifaom pm;aomufukefrsm;udk pm;
oHk;jcif;aMumifh 0rf;udkufjcif;? tla&mifem? tonf;
a&mifa&m*g(atydk;)? umv 0rf;a&m*gponfh tl
vrf;aMumif; ul;pufa&m*gESifh tpmtqdyfoifhjcif;
rsm; jzpfyGm;apEdkifrnfjzpfonf/ wd&pämeftom;rsm;
aqG;ajrU t&nftaoG; ysuf,Gif;NyD;aemuf jzpfyGm;
aom Botulinum Toxin ponfwdkY touftEÅ&m,f
udk xdcdkufaprnf jzpfaomaMumifh rpm;oHk;&ef txl;
*½kjyK&rnfjzpfonf/ 
    pm;aomufukefoefY&Sif;rIudk txl;*½kpdkuf&rnf
jzpfonf/ ykyfodk;aqG;ajrUum t&nftaoG; ysuf
,Gif; aeNyDjzpfaom odkYr[kwf a&qdk;wGif pdrfNyD;
aom pm;aomufukefrsm;udk rpm;oHk;&yg/ xrif;
usefESifh [if;usefrsm;udk rpm;oHk;&yg/ tpdrf;pm;?
at;pufaeNyDjzpfaom pm;aomufukefrsm;udk rpm;
oHk;&yg/ a&ESpfaoqHk;aom? a&m*gjzpfaoqHk;aom 
wd&pämefESifh a&xGufukefrsm;udk rpm;oHk;&yg/ tpdrf;
ESifhusufNyD;aom pm;aomufukef rsm;udk cGJjcm;xm;
&rnfjzpfNyD; yef;uefvHk;ESifh wlrsm;tm; aq;aMum 
ydk;owfNyD;aemuf toHk;jyK&rnf jzpfonf/ usef;rm
a&; cGifhjyKcsufr&Sdaom vrf;ab;qdkifrsm;wGif pm; 
aomufukefrsm; 0,f,lpm;oHk;jcif; rjyKvkyf&yg/ 
trdIufrsm;udk jzpfovdk pGefYypfjcif;rjyK&/ vufudk 
rMumcP aq;aMumNyD; wpfukd,fa& oefY&Sif;rI 
toHk;jyK ypönf;rsm;udk twlwuG oHk;pGJjcif;rjyK&/
a&BuD;rI jzpfyGm;NyD;aemuf ywf0ef;usif twGif;½Sd
trdIufo½dkufrsm; rsm;jym;vmrnf jzpfaomaMumifh 
tjrefqHk; &Sif;vif;ay;&rnf jzpfonf/ pkyHkxm;&Sd
jcif;aMumifh a&xknpfnrf;rI jzpfay:jcif;ukd a&Smif
MuOf&rnfjzpfonf/ ae&mwdkif;wGif tnpftaMu;
pGefYxkwfjcif;aMumifh a&t&if;tjrpfudk npfnrf;ap
rnfhtjyif ,ifaumifrsm;   aygufyGm;rIrsm; jzpfum tonf;a&mif a&m*g(atydk;)? 0rf;udkufem? umv
0rf;a&m*gponfh tlvrf;aMumif; ul;pufa&m*grsm;
udk ul;pufjyefYyGm;aprnfjzpfonf/ 
    ul;pufa&m*gonf vufjzifh pm;aomufukefrsm;udk 
xdawGYjcif;? rsufvHk;yGwfjcif;? ESmacgif; xdawGYjcif;wdkYrS
wpfqifh ul;pufjyefYyGm;rnf jzpfaomaMumifh qyfjymcJ? vufaq;&nf? pD;qif;aeaom a&rsm;jzifh rSefuefpGm
vufudk a&aq;aMumay;jcif;rSm ul;pufa&m*g jyefYyGm;
jcif;udk BudKwif umuG,fay;Edkifrnf jzpfonf/ vufokwf
yk0g? vufudkifyk0g ponfhwpfukd,fa&;oHk; ypönf;rsm;udk 
twlwuG toHk;jyKjcif;aMumifh ta&jym;twGif; om;cRJajr§; 
ul;pufa&m*g jyefYyGm;jcif;udk jzpfyGm;aprnf jzpfonf/ xdkYaMumifh tNrJwrf; ydk;owfay;um wpfOD;vQif vufudkif
yk0gwpfck udkifaqmifoifhonf/ vufajcrsm; tcsdefMum 
a&pdrfjcif;rS umuG,f&ef? ta&jym;udk twwfEdkifqHk; ajcmufaoGYatmifxm;&ef? vlYcE¨mudk,f ta&jym;rsm; tcsdef
&SnfMumpGm a&xJwGif pdrfxm;jcif;rSm ta&jym; ,Of;a&mif
jynfwnfjcif;? ul;pufjcif;ponfh jyif;xefaom aemuf
qufwGJrsm;udk jzpfaprnfjzpfonf/ a&atmufqif;vQif 
(1-2)em&Djcm;wpfcg a&ay:wufum tem;,loifhonf/ 
      ,ifaumifonf tonf;a&mif a&m*g(atydk;)? um
0rf;a&m*g? tla&mifem? 0rf;udkufemponfh ul;pufa&m
*grsm;\ t"du ul;pufrI t&if;tjrpfjzpfonf/ <uuf
\cE¨mudk,ftwGif;wGif Hemorrhagic a&m*g? Lepto-
spira a&m*gESifh Yersinia Pestis ponfha&m*grsm; yg0if
NyD; jcifonf *syefOD;aESmuf tajr§;yg;a&m*g? iSufzsm;
a&m*g? aoG;vGefwkyfauG;a&m*g? qifajcaxmufa&m*g? 
t0gzsm;a&m*g ponfh ul;pufa&m*grsm;\ t"du
ul;pufrI t&if;tjrpfjzpfonf/ a&BuD;rIwGif vlESifh
jcif? ,if? <uufponfwdkYESifh xdawGYrI tcGifhtvrf;
rsm;jym;vmrnf jzpfaomaMumifh owfjzwf&Sif;vif;rI
vkyfief;udk ydkrdkjr§ifhwif vkyfaqmifoGm;&rnf jzpfonf/ 
tcef;wGif; toHk;jyKEdkifonfh ,ifaumif½dkuf ud&d,m? 
pm;aomufukef toHk;jyK ,ifaumif umuG,fonfh 
tkyfaqmif;rsm;udk toHk;jyKEdkifygonf/ jcifowfaq;? 
jcifaxmifponfh jcifumuG,fa&; ypönf;rsm;udk toHk;
jyKay;&rnf jzpfum tjyifxGufvQif vuf&SnftusÐESifh 
abmif;bD&Snfrsm; 0wfqif&rnf/ zrf;qD;owfjzwf? aumfuwf ponfh enf;vrf;rsm;jzifh <uufrsm;udk zrf;
qD;&Sif;vif; Edkifrnfjzpfum <uufrsm; yHkrrSefpGm rsm;jym;
vmygu oufqdkif&mXmeodkY tcsdefrD taMumif;Mum;
ay;&rnfjzpfonf/
    aetdrf tjyifbuf&Sd npfnrf;aom &GHYajrrsm;udk &Sif;
vif;um ausmufcJav;rsm;ESifh ajropfwdkYjzifh atmuf
cif;ay;xm;yg/ a&wGif;&Sd npfnrf;aom &GHYajrrsm;udk
&Sif;vif;um Bleaching Powder jzifh ydk;owfay;&
rnf/ tdrfwGif; y&dabm*udk aq;aMumoefYpifNyD;rS tdrf
wGif;odkY ajymif;a&GY&rnfjzpfonf/ tdrfom jyKjyifjcif;?
wd&pämef arG;jrLNcH jyKjyifjcif;rsm;jyKvkyf&rnf/ ae&m
wdkif;wGif tnpftaMu; pGefYxkwfjcif; rjyK&yg/ rpif? 
pGefYxkwfypönf;? trdIufrsm;tm; owfrSwfae&mwGifom 
pGefYypf&rnfjzpfonf/ 0ufrsm;udk NcHcwf arG;jrL&rnf
jzpfNyD; 0ufNcHtwGif;oefY&Sif;rIudk aumif;rGefpGm vkyf
aqmif&rnfjzpfonf/ qD;rsm; a&xJodkY wdkuf½dkufpD;0if
jcif;r&Sdap&ef *½kpdkuf&rnf/ 0ufpGefYxkwfypönf;rsm;tm; 
tcsOfazmufNyD; aemufrS toHk;jyK&rnf/ aMumif? acG;
ponfh tdrfarG;wd&pämefrsm;udk aumif;rGefpGm xdef;odrf;
xm;&rnfjzpfonf/ tdrfarG;wd&pämefNcHwGif jcifaq;rsm;
udk rMumcP yufzsef;ay;&rnf/ NcHtwGif;&Sd tdrfarG;
wd&pämefrsm;\ pGefYypftnpftaMu;rsm;tm; tcsdefrD pk
aygif; rdv’muefwGif &Sif;vif;xnfhoGif;&rnfjzpfonf/ 
    zsm;emjcif;? atmhtefjcif;? 0rf;avQmjcif;? tifysOf
ponfwdkY jzpfay:vmygu jyif;xefaomul;puf a&m*g
\tapmydkif; vu©PmjzpfNyD; a&BuD;rI umvtwGif; 
xdka&m*g vu©Pmrsm; xGufay:ygu tcsdefrD aq;uk
orI cH,l&rnfjzpfonf/